Burnout: definition, assessment and causal determinants

Yara Shoman, University of Lausanne

Burn-out is included in the 11th Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) as an occupational phenomenon and defined as follows: Burn-out is a syndrome conceptualized as resulting from chronic workplace stress that has not been successfully managed. My research is a systematic review and meta-analysis of Burnout Syndrome measurements and determinants and the statistical analysis of the PsyColaus cohort. It aims at addressing the relationship between exposures to work-related psychosocial stressors independently of, and together with, exposure to physicochemical hazards such as toxic metals and the onset of burnout and depression as mental health outcomes, while taking into account individual, medical, and life-style factors.
Three research hypotheses will be addressed in three corresponding studies: 1) Effort-reward imbalance and job strain are predictors of future occupational burnout and depression, independently of individual, medical and life-style- factors; 2) Exposure to these work-related psychosocial stressors combined with exposure to physicochemical hazards in the workplaces better depicts the stressful working conditions associated with burnout and depression; and 3) If burnout and depression are two distinct entities, then they should load on separate dimensions in factor analyses.

Keywords: Occupational Burnout; depression; psychosocial stressors; systematic review; burnout; cohort; longitudinal study; burnout questionnaire; burnout measure

Short Biography

My name is Yara Shoman, I come from Syria and I am 26 years old. I graduated from the Faculty of Pharmacy from Syria in 2016 and I worked in a malnutrition program funded by UNICEF in my hometown. After this experience, I became very interested in Public Heath and luckily I was awarded the Stipendium Hungaricum in 2017 so I travelled to Hungary to study Master of Public Health. Now, I am starting my PhD in Lausanne, Switzerland after I was selected by the GlobalP3HS PhD Programme. My PhD thesis title is: “Burnout: definition, assessment and causal determinants”.

Yara Shoman

Yara Shoman
Institute for Work and Health (IST) / unisante
University of Lausanne

Supervisor: Irina Guseva-Canu

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